Until 1954, Teşvikiye was a district of Beşiktaş and on that day it was linked to Şişli Borough.
The residential history of Teşvikiye goes back to middles of 19th century. Previously it completely had rural look. During the period of Sultan Selim III, (1789-1807) this place was a hunting and shooting practice area and the memorial of this is in the yard of Teşvikiye Mosque. Beside this stone having the date of 1205/1790-91 there is another shooting practice stone belonging to Sultan Mahmud II with the date of 1226/1811 and it is also in Teşvikiye Mosque while the other one is at Nişantaşı – Ihlamur road at Topağacı section of the district taking place in the front garden of an apartment.
The first construction effecting the development of the district is Teşvikiye Mosque. It was firstly built as a small mosque in 1209/1794-95 and it was renewed by Sultan Abdülmecid in 1270/1853-54 and then the residing in the same district started. One of the two stones which were brought here by Sultan Abdulmecid for the residential purpose, is now in the hollow beside Harbiye Police Station (which was previously Nişantaşı Police Station) on Teşvikiye Avenue and the other one is in the cross-road of Teşvikiye Avenue, Rumeli Avenue and Valikonağı Avenue. On these two stones which are made in the same style there is the writen stating : “Eser-i Avatıf-ı Mecidiye Mahalle-i Cedide-i Teşvikiye” (New Teşvikiye District is the consequence of Abdülmecid’s unrequited benevolence). Turkish word ‘Teşvik’ means incentive and this statement indicates that Teşvikiye district was openly incentived by the Sultan.
There are two main factors which caused the development of the district. The first one is, the movement of the palace firstly to Beşiktaş and then to Yıldız and the second one is the relocation of rapidly developing Beyoğlu towards Taksim-Şişli axis. The relocation of palace in Yıldız (1876) effected Teşvikiye directly and the surroundings started to get filled with dynasty and high officials’ mansions from Maçka to Nişantaşı and starting from the main street. One of the most important ones of these was Şehzade (= Sultan’s Son) Mehmed Selim Efendi Mansion which was located in the interception point of Teşvikiye Avenue and Hüsrev Gerede Avenue (today, there is Narmanlı Apartment located in the same place).
Teşvikiye got under the effect of the second factor during 1920s and as stated before, this was the the development taking place on Taksim-Şişli axis and as a result of the it became apartmented starting from the main street. Topağacı part is the one which was apartmented as being the last one. One of the factors which effected the development of the distrcist was the development in transportation. In 1914 Taksim-Şişli tramway line was tentended to turn from Harbiye to Nişantaşı and then was extended to Maçka. This caused the increase in the connection of district with the city.
The other Mosques of the district other than Teşvikiye Mosques are Muradiye Mosque, which is Muradiye ward and Raif Ağa Mosque on Hüsrev Gerede Avenue with the date of 1876. The fountains of the district have connections with the mosques. There is Taksim Water Fountain on the yard wall of Teşvikiye Mosque on the street side and this fountain does not have an inscription and the other fountains are : the one which is located on the corner of Kalıpçı Street and Said Bey fountain which is located on the front wall of Raif Ağa Mosque and it also has the date of 1876.
The oldest officially characterized education establishment of the district was Teşvikiye Elementary School which was on Şakayık Street. This school had a stone school styled small building and in our recent days, there is Sait Çiftçi Eelementary School in the same location.
Today, Teşvikiye has a population of middle-to-high level incomed people. Today, Nişantaşı is filled with confection workshops and textile business places according to rapid development of Osmanbey surroundings starting from the end of 1970s which caused the whole are to become a shopping and business center.
It is in the district from which he got his name and located on Teşvikiye Avenue. The first mosque here was built in 1209/1794-95 and by Sultan Selim III. It’s existing inscription has the date of 1209. The Mosque was ruined and with a possibility, it was newly built by Abdulmecid in 1271/1854. This renewal was stated in the inscription stating “Eser-i Avâtıf- ı Mecidiyye Mahallei Cedide-i Teşvikiyye” which can be explained as the mosques had concurrency with the development of Teşvikiye. The latest renewal of the mosque has the date of 1309/1891-92.
It is known that the renewal was made by Yuvan Efendi. Like most of the 19th century mosques, Teşvikiye Mosque has only one outer yard and has a lower floor because of being built on downgraded land. As regards to plan schematic and the style, it rather has the characteristics of the 19th century rather than the period of Sultan Selim III.
The mosque has 13×12 meters size rectangular/square looking shape for the harem and has about 24×15 meter size –one part of the ground floor is spared for the final community- and one Sultan gathering place (daire-i hümayun). Sultan gathering place was developed as a separate unit and this practice was started in the period of Sultan Selim III and the main development of this during Sultan Mahmud II and specially in the period of Sultan Abdülmecid and in these periods, this part had bigger dimensions and also turned to be the designation for the entrances of the mosques. As seen by the stated figures, Sultan’s gathering place has about the double size of the Harem one and this points out a late date scheme.
Teşvikiye Mosque was renewed at the same time of the renewals of Dolmabahçe Mosques and Ortaköy Mosque. Among these mosques there are similarities such as the draw backs of the entrance axles of Sultan gathering places on the North parts.
source : Şişli Mun. web site http://www.sislibelediyesi.com